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Can the microbiome effect migraine? How can a nutritional therapist help?

Updated: Feb 23

Yes, there is emerging evidence suggesting a connection between the gut microbiome and migraines. The gut microbiome, which consists of trillions of microorganisms living in the digestive tract, plays a crucial role in various aspects of health, including the functioning of the immune system and the production of certain neurotransmitters.


Here are some ways in which the gut microbiome might influence migraines:

  1. Inflammation:

  • Imbalances in the gut microbiome can lead to chronic inflammation, which has been linked to migraine attacks. The gut and brain communicate through various pathways, and inflammatory signals from the gut can potentially trigger or exacerbate migraines.

  1. Serotonin Production:

  • The gut microbiome is involved in the production of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that plays a role in mood regulation and can also affect pain perception. Disruptions in serotonin levels have been associated with migraines.

  1. Immune System Modulation:

  • The gut microbiome plays a role in training and modulating the immune system. Dysregulation of the immune response may contribute to the development of migraines.

  1. Short-Chain Fatty Acids (SCFAs):

  • Certain bacteria in the gut produce short-chain fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory properties. An imbalance in these fatty acids may contribute to inflammation and migraine susceptibility.

  1. Dietary Triggers:

  • The gut microbiome can be influenced by diet, and certain dietary factors have been linked to migraines. For example, some individuals may be sensitive to specific foods that affect the microbiome and trigger migraines.


Migraines are complex, multifactorial conditions, and various factors, including genetics, hormonal changes, and environmental triggers, can contribute to their occurrence.

Your microbiome is made of a tiny community of microbes that are individual to you. This microbiome also help make neurotransmitters such as serotonin and highly implicated in migraines. Microorganisms, viruses, pathogens and viruses can all effect this balance and community and therefore our microbiome. Therefore our gut can have a huge bearing on migraines. As a nutritional therapist my aim is to investigate, highlight triggers and raise the bodies functioning to manage and hopefully eliminate your migraines.



Nutritional and naturopathic strategies have been shown to help reduce migraine occurrence and severity and increase the quality of life for many sufferers. As a migraine nutritionist, we will work together, with an aim of understanding your individual triggers and drivers, both within food and lifestyle. 

Each migraine sufferer will be unique in presentation, and therefore unique in their treatment plan. I know this only to well with my own life changing experience of migraine associated vertigo. I am only too aware of how migraines can be totally disabling and the struggles you may be facing. For me, diet and lifestyle was an area that was never really discussed in a  medical treatment plan. I have myself discovered how powerful a personalised migraine diet plan, optimal nutrition and lifestyle management can be to any migraine sufferer. 

Working with my clients on an individual basis gives me the opportunity to understand not only them as a person but also their medical history and understand their wider picture, such as genetics, lifestyle, hormonal, dietary and whole body snapshot which can be so important and often overlooked when looking to treat migraines. Understanding where the root causes can be coming from is very important to managing migraines.

We will work together, providing you with a plan, in which we will continue to build upon, week by week, to support you to understand your migraine triggers and drivers. My aim is to education and empower you to manage and raise your migraine threshold. Your plan will include diet and nutrition advice, including recipe, product and shopping advice, through to areas requiring support such as hormonal, endocrine health, sleep, environmental and stress management advice. Recommendation on supplementation and other tools are provided. Where needed, functional medicine testing such as hormonal, stool, blood and genetic testing can be beneficial to understand your wider migraine picture.


You may wish to read further information regarding migraines in my blog posts, as well as read my story, where I talk further into the role of nutrition, gut health, hormonal health and nutrigenomics for example.I am a Nutritional Therapist offering one-to-one, in-person, or online consultations.


My Specialist areas include:

🥦 Menopause & Perimenopause

🍎 Female Hormonal Health

🥑 Migraines & Headaches

🫐 Digestive & Gut Health

🍋 Food Sensitivities & Special Diets

🍉 Energy & Vitality (including fibromyalgia & chronic conditions)


Naturopathic Nutrition's holistic approach to health & wellness recognises the interconnection between diet, nutrition, lifestyle & overall wellbeing to support the body's natural healing processes & provide necessary nutrients to help you optimise your health, & feel your best!


If you would like to find out more, book a free discovery call to find out how I can help you optimise your nutrition and help you feel your best.







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